What Is Trauma?
Trauma can be a seriously distressing or disturbing experience that often has negative psychological effects on an individual. Trauma can also be an experience that’s characterized by feeling helplessness and overwhelms your ability to cope. There are many different traumatic experiences, that can include:
- Physical, Emotional or Sexual assault
- Physical or Emotional neglect
- Domestic violence
- The loss of a loved one
- Car or plane accidents
- Military combat
- Childhood trauma
- Dysfunctional family dynamics
- Natural disasters
What Are Symptoms of Trauma?
While symptoms can vary, the following emotional and behavioral symptoms are common among trauma survivors:
- Recurrent distressing memories and/or dreams of the traumatic event
- Flashbacks where the individual feels as if they’re experiencing the trauma again
- Intense psychological distress when exposed to triggers that resemble the traumatic event or remind the individual of the traumatic event
- Difficulty falling or staying asleep
- Lack of interest in activities he or she used to enjoy
- Feelings of detachment from others or everyday life
- Inability to experience positive emotions, such as happiness and fulfillment
- Reckless or self-destructive behavior
Dealing with trauma and managing symptoms can be difficult. Fortunately, trauma treatment can help.